Crane Vessels: Essential Seagoing Ships for High Seas Construction

Crane Vessels: A crane ship is, as the name implies, a type of seagoing vessel that has a crane attached to it. A crane vessel is a crucial component in the process of building construction on the high seas. Many significant construction projects are only possible in the more treacherous regions of the seas and oceans due to these vessels.

The Crane Vessel History

The crane vessel has been around since the 14th century, which may surprise you. Of course, in the 800 years or so that have passed, the design has altered slightly. It was much later that the sheerleg and semi-submersible crane vessels were introduced.

Like their contemporary equivalents, the first crane ships were built in the ports of medieval Europe and were able to hoist heavy loads.

When we go back in time to the Age of Sail, they were crucial to the building and maintenance of other ships, especially when it came to the lifting, removal, and replacement of bulky wooden masts.

Crane ships have a comparable purpose and have a similar scope to cranes used in regular construction and haulage operations. The former type of crane is utilized in the sea, while the later is employed on solid ground. That is the only distinction.

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Over the eight hundred years since its inception, the crane vessel’s design has evolved. Since the invention of the first crane ship in the fourteenth century, technology has benefited countless numbers of people. Apart from the conventional ship with a single crane, there are other ideas in the modern era such as “semi-submersible vessels” and “sheerlegs.”

Types of Crane vessels

Types of Crane vessels
(Credit: Marine insight)

While all of these crane vessels are able to lift large loads, different models provide their customers with unique advantages and points of differentiation. The following is an explanation of the primary distinction:

Common Crane Vessels: These are the more widely recognized varieties of naval cranes. As previously said, these were the ones that were initially introduced in the fourteenth century. These cranes are capable of lifting and hauling about 2,500 tons. Its mobility, which allows it to be moved to the location of the object that has to be lifted, is another important aspect that gives it a great deal of versatility.

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Semi-Submersible: Cranes of this kind provide the equipment being carried with a great deal of stability. Semi-submersible cranes partially submerge underwater to balance the weight on top of them. It prevents objects from falling into the sea and causing major issues for the business and the marine ecosystem. These semi-submersible cranes have different weight bearing capacities for different types of naval vessels. Nonetheless, the maximum weight that these semi-submersibles are capable of transporting is approximately 14,000 tons.

Sheerlegs: These cranes are stationary. Put another way, in order for them to be carried, the weight that has to be loaded onto them needs to be delivered to them. These cranes have a weight bearing capacity ranging from around 50 tonnes to over 4000 tonnes.

The most challenging component of building has been solved thanks to a crane vessel. It’s now lot simpler to cross oceans and bring distant regions even closer together. In addition, significant oil rigs are built nowadays with the aid of crane ships, allowing the world to obtain valuable oil from marine sources.

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