Top 10 LNG Carriers Revolutionizing Global Maritime Industry

LNG Carriers: Because liquefied natural gas is a clean and environmentally sustainable fuel, it finds many applications in the transportation, energy, business, and industrial sectors. As a result, the LNG industry has been growing significantly on a global scale recently. The rising demand for LNG globally has led to the development of larger and more advanced LNG carriers in the maritime industry.

These LNG tankers, outfitted with the newest nautical advancements and meticulously engineered, are capable of functioning in the most challenging environments, including the frigid North Atlantic.

Let’s examine the largest LNG ships in the world as of 2024 and their unique characteristics in this post.

1. Al Dafna (Carrier for Q-Max LNG)

Al Dafna

Nakilat Shipping Qatar Ltd. owns and operates the Q-Max LNG Carrier Al Dafna. Currently operating under the Marshall Islands flag is an LNG tanker.

With a gross tonnage of 163922 and a deadweight of 130157, Samsung Heavy Industries built it in Korea in 2009. Its overall length is 345 meters, and its beam is 53.8 meters. It is capable of carrying 266,366 m3 of LNG.

Qmax Ships are run by renowned LNG business Qatar Gas. The largest LNG carriers in the world are known as Qmax, which refers to both the nation in which they operate and the largest ship that can dock at Qatar’s LNG terminal facilities. These LNG tankers use membrane technology, which guarantees maximum effectiveness.

The combined LNG capacity of the 14 Q-Max Ships owned by Qatar Gas ranges from 26,3000 to 266,000 m3. The Q-max ships have a maximum draft of 12 m and are about 354 m in length and 55 m in width. These ships were built as a part of a massive fleet building program that developed over fifty years. Currently, these ships—which were constructed in South Korea—transport LNG to every significant port in the globe.

The Q-Max ships are renowned for their other cutting-edge characteristics in addition to their size. The ships’ engines produce 35% less carbon emissions than those of traditional carriers because they need a lot less gasoline. The non-carbon fire-extinguishing system, which is the first to be employed in an LNG carrier, is another innovative feature. As a result, these carriers have significantly lowered transportation expenses.

2. Mozah

Samsung Heavy Industries developed this Q-Max LNG carrier back in 2008. It bears the name of Sheikha Moza bint Nasser, the wife of the Qatari emir at the time, Sheikh Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani.

Mozah has a 12 m summer draft and measures 345 m long by 53 m wide. Its enormous scale is paired with profitability and efficiency.

Mozah has a gross tonnage of 163,922 GT and a deadweight of 128,900 DWT. Because of these characteristics, it can transport 266,000 m3 of LNG at -163 °C.

3. Al Ghashamiya ( LNG Carrier Q-Flex)

Al Ghashamiya

Built in 2009, the Q-Flex LNG Carrier is now flying the Marshall Islands flag. It has 211,885 m3 of LNG carrying capacity. It is 50.03 m wide and has a length of 315.06 meters.

The second-largest LNG carriers in the world are part of Qatar Gas’s QFlex ship fleet. These were the largest LNG carriers available until the Qmax-class ships were put out of service. They could carry twice as much LNG than traditional tanker ships. Hyundai Heavy Industries built the first Q-Flex ship in 2007.

These 31 LNG tankers transport LNG to locations around Europe, the Mediterranean, and the Far East. With a maximum draft of 11 meters and dimensions of 315 meters length by 50 meters width, these carriers can hold between 210,000 and 217,000 cubic meters.

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Because they consume less fuel and emit less pollutants than traditional LNG carriers, they are also said to be more environmentally friendly. Additionally, they have re-liquefaction technology, which reduces the amount of LNG lost from the ship’s tanks. Among the first Q-flex vessels are Al Hamla, Al Aamriya, Al Huwaila, and so on.

4. Gail Bhuwan

Gail Bhuwan

The largest LNG firm in India, Gail Limited, ordered the LNG tanker Gail Bhuwan from Daewoo Shipbuilding & Marine Engineering Co., Ltd. in 2021. The ship will carry clean fuel from US facilities to Indian ports, meeting India’s need for LNG and growing the country’s clean fuel sector.

Gail Bhuwan is now registered and sails under the Cyprus flag. This enormous tanker, which has a maximum draft of 11.5 meters, is 297.9 meters long and 47.9 meters wide. It is loaded with the newest nautical technology.

The vessel has a deadweight of 98300 tonnes and a gross tonnage of around 119891 tonnes. It can carry 180,000 m3 of LNG and can sail at a maximum speed of 20 knots, with an average speed of about 15.9 knots. MOL LNG Transport Europe LTD is the operator of this membrane-type LNG tanker.

5. LNG Schneeweisschen

LNG Schneeweisschen

DSME built this LNG ship in 2018, and it is currently flying the Panamanian flag. 47.9 meters broad and 297.9 meters long. Its cargo tank holds 180,000 m3 and its draft is 11.5 m.

It has a twin shaft system and an X-DF double engine, which allows it to reach a speed of 19.5 knots with ease. The vessel has a gross tonnage of 119660 and a DWT of 98747 tons.

MOL LNG Transport (Europe) Ltd. operates it on behalf of MOL and Itochu.

6. Shinshu Maru

Kawasaki Heavy Industries built the Shinshu Maru in 2019, and it can transport 177,000 m3 of LNG. It was made to fit through the newly enlarged Panama Canal, which began full operation in 2016.

JERA uses the LNG tanker, which is flying the Bahamasn flag, to transport natural gas that it has acquired through the US Freeport LNG Project.

Although its hull dimensions are typical, its cargo tanks are larger, which reduces expenses and boosts efficiency. The hull is designed to minimize the vessel’s total weight. In addition, it features a DFD electric propulsion system and a two-motor, twin-screw propulsion system.

With a gross tonnage of 135,951 tonnes and a deadweight of 82,287 tonnes, it is 299 meters long and 48 meters broad. It travels at 19.5 knots with a 9.8 m draft.

7. SCF Barents (KOOL FIRN)

The first of the two gas-fueled LNG ships that Shell Singapore is renting out is KOOL FIRN, an LNG tanker built in 2020 for Sovcomflot. At the moment, it is flying the Liberian flag.

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It can hold 174,096 cubic meters of liquid gas. Kool Firn is 299 meters long and 46.4 meters wide, with a draft of 9.6 meters. Previously, it was known as SCF Barents, after the Dutch navigator Willem Barents.

8. British Partner

Daewoo Shipbuilding and Marine Engineering Ltd., a renowned shipbuilding company in South Korea, built the LNG tanker British Partner in 2018 for BP Shipping. The shipping company has owned or operated the largest gas carrier to date.

The tanker, which has the IMO number 9766530, is now sailing under the British flag. The tanker has a total carrying capacity of 174,000 m3 and is 295 m long by 46 m broad with a maximum draught of 11.4 m. The carrier can sail at an average speed of roughly 15 knots, with a maximum speed of about 16 knots.

Along with other cutting-edge features including an automatic gas-injection propulsion system and a reliquefaction system, the tanker is equipped with a tri-fuel engine.

In addition to developed nations, British Partner and other LNG carriers of BP’s fleet would operate in steadily developing markets like Egypt, Pakistan, Bangladesh, and so on.

9. Flex Courageous

Following its construction by DSME in 2019, this LNG ship is currently flying the Marshall Islands flag.

The LNG carrying capacity of Flex Courageous is 173,400 m3. Its dimensions are 46 m by 295 m and its present draught is 9.6 m.

It has a reliquefaction system and a high-pressure 2-stroke MEGI engine, which lowers the boil-off rate to an industry-low 0.075%.

10 . Velikiy Novgorod & Pskov

Velikiy Novgorod & Pskov

The multinational energy company Gazprom is the owner of a fleet of five LNG tankers, two of which, Velikiy Novgorod and Pskov, are the third-largest LNG carriers globally.

Both gas carriers have a combined capacity of about 170,200m3 for shipping LNG. Both vessels were built with a focus on marine safety and environmental regulations, all the while guaranteeing maximum production. Engineers from Gazprom, United Shipbuilding Company, and the Russian Maritime Register created them.

The owner of Velikiy Novgorod, a 2014 construction that strengthens the Russian LNG fleet, is Sovcomflot, the largest shipping company in Russia and a Gazprom subsidiary. At now, it is sailing under the flag of Liberia, with Monrovia serving as its homeport.

The ship has a maximum draft of 11.6 meters and a total length of 300 meters. Its width is approximately 45.8 meters. The first of its type, the Atlanticmax is a unique LNG carrier with a larger hull and additional features to cut through the region’s heavy ice.
It is able to function in the northern iceberg zone because of its dual-fuel propulsion system. Her deadweight is 93486 tonnes, while her gross tonnage is 113876 tonnes.

Constructed in 2014, the Pskov is located under Liberia’s flag. She was formerly known as P OSF and BCOV. Her dimensions are 45.8 meters in width and 299.9 meters in length. She is said to have a 9.2 m draft and a top sailing speed of roughly 10.2 knots.

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